Anal Warts (Condyloma)
Anal warts are found in and around the anus and sometimes near the genitals. Warts, or condyloma, usually start as tiny spots, but can grow large enough to cover the whole anal area.
Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease. The condition is passed through skin-to-skin contact with another person with HPV.
Anal warts can go unnoticed and not cause symptoms for some time. If they are not treated, people experience symptoms including itching, bleeding or discharge from the anus. Having warts over a long period of time without treatment can increase the risk of anal cancer.
Treatment to remove the warts includes the following, depending upon the size and amount of condyloma:
- Topical medication
- Freezing with liquid nitrogen
- Surgery - cutting or burning the warts
- Warts inside the anal canal will likely require surgery
- Examination of the vagina or penis to ensure warts haven't spread
Treatment may be done in stages in more severe cases. Warts can also reoccur and should be treated accordingly. Your physician will recommend follow-up treatment frequently until the warts have disappeared completely.
To find out more about condyloma, see the American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons.